I would like to introduce to you a new friend I met recently. His name is Nathan and he has a passion for writing. Specifically bible study type materials. He has done his homework with this particular study and I would love to share it with all of you. Please welcome Nathan to the table…
The bible is called the word of God. Jesus is also called the Word of God. The whole Bible is about Jesus. It is the Living Word. This is a brief study of types in the Old Testament. A type is a historical fact that illustrates a spiritual truth.
Jesus is seen in many people and events in the Old Testament that serve as types. REV 12:1 ” Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a garland of twelve stars.” This woman is the bride of Christ, God’s church. The sun is the New Testament. The moon that she stands on is the Old Testament. The Old Testament is the foundation of God’s church.
The Old Testament is the lesser light, it’s Jesus in symbol and prophecy, whereas the New is Jesus revealed in human flesh. ROM 5:14 says that Adam is a type of Jesus. Both entered the world as a special act of God as sinless men. In Genesis 22:1-14 God told Abraham to go to Mt. Moriah and sacrifice his son. Mt. Moriah is also where God directed King David to place the tabernacle, and where Solomon built the temple. Abraham placed the wood for the offering on his son to carry up the mountain. Jesus had to carry His cross. Abraham bound Isaac upon the wood and was about to slay him when the Angel of the Lord stopped him. Verse 13 says,” Then Abraham lifted his eyes and looked, and there behind him was a RAM caught in a THICKET by its HORNS. So Abraham went and took the ram, and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son.” A ram is a clean animal that represents Jesus. The ram was caught in a thicket or thorn bush by its horns.
Before Jesus was sacrificed the Romans placed a crown of thorns on His head. Through this test God revealed the gospel to Abraham (see John 8:56 and Gal 3:8). Israel’s son Joseph is a type of Christ in many ways. Both Joseph and Jesus are special objects of love by their fathers. Both of them were hated by their brothers. Both of them were rejected as rulers over their brothers. Both Judas and the religious leaders rejected Jesus as their messiah and king. Both Jesus and Joseph were conspired against and sold for silver. Both were condemned although innocent. Both were raised from humiliation to glory.
DEUT 18:15 predicted that God would raise up for Israel a prophet like Moses who communicates directly with God. It is a prophecy of Jesus. Hebrews chapters 8-10 show us that Jesus is our High Priest in the heavenly tabernacle right now. Jesus holds the threefold office of Prophet, Priest, and King.
Moses was also a prophet, priest, and king (although Moses never had the title king, he was ruler over Israel.) Both are kinsmen-redeemers. Jesus came to earth to redeem the fallen human race. Moses went back to Egypt, which is a symbol for this sinful earth to release Israel from bondage. Both were endangered in infancy.
Satan used Pharaoh to try to kill Jesus’ ancestors to stop Jesus from being born. Satan also used King Herod to try to kill Jesus after He had been born. Moses and Jesus both voluntarily renounced their wealth and power. Both are mediators, lawgivers, and deliverers.
The nation of Israel itself is a type of the early life of Jesus. They both went down to Egypt. They both passed through the waters of baptism and immediately entered the wilderness to endure temptation. Then they both finally revealed God’s Character on the mountain. 1 COR 1-2 says when Israel crossed the Red Sea it was a form of baptism. Moses gave the law of God on the mountain. Jesus gave the beatitudes on the mountain. When the Israelites rebelled against God in the wilderness, He sent serpents to bite them and many died. God told Moses to make a bronze serpent and lift it up on a pole so that whoever looks up in faith would be healed. We look up to Jesus for salvation and healing.
When the soldier pierced Jesus’ side with the spear 2 distinct streams came from His chest: water and blood. By His blood our sins are wiped away. Jesus is the living water. When Israel was in the wilderness, they became thirsty and began to complain. God told Moses to strike the ROCK with his staff. Jesus is the Rock of our salvation (see 2 SAM 22:47). This act symbolized Jesus’ crucifixion. Water flowed out of the rock.
The second time the Israelites got thirsty God told Moses to just speak to the rock and it will provide water, but Moses was angry and he struck the rock instead. HEB 6:4-6 says that Christians who fall away crucify Jesus again and they can’t be saved. That’s why Moses wasn’t allowed to enter the promised land. He ruined the beautiful lesson that once Christ had been offered you only need to ask for blessings in the name of Jesus.
Jesus is the bread of life. In the wilderness God gave Israel Manna, the bread that comes down from heaven. Sound familiar? They had to gather the bread early in the morning before the sun came up. this is a lesson that we need to consume the Word of God first thing in the morning. We need to start our day putting God first. Moses’ successor Joshua led Israel into the promised land. The name Joshua in Hebrew is Yeshuah which is also Jesus’ name in Hebrew. We are grafted into Israel if we have faith like Abraham’s. see ROM 4:16 ROM 9:6 ROM 11:13-23. Spiritual Israel is composed of all who have had faith in Jesus from Adam before the flood to the Jews who looked for the coming messiah to Christians. All of this is a shadow of the way Jesus leads us, His chosen people, out of bondage to sin (Egypt), through the wilderness of temptation where we struggle to overcome sin and become purified, and finally into the promised land which is Heaven and the New Jerusalem.